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BR1300LCD How to disassemble the case?

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JeffLiebermann_apc
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BR1300LCD How to disassemble the case?

This was originally posted on APC forums on 1/3/2013


One of my customers has several APC BR1300LCD UPS's. All but one are working fine. It erratically refuses to charge the battery. Eventually, the display shows a totally discharged battery. I've replaced both batteries twice, without effect. The problem comes and goes, which suggests a loose terminal. It's time to dive inside the guts and fix it but I'm having problems opening the case. I've removed 4 screws from the back, and two screws inside the battery compartment. The back panel comes off. The front panel refuses to release. How do I get the front panel off and how to I get access to the PCB?

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JeffLiebermann_apc
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Re: BR1300LCD How to disassemble the case?

Amazing.  8.5 years later and I finally see some interest in the problem.

 

I was eventually able to disassemble the case and fix the problem.  See photos at:
http://www.learnbydestroying.com/jeffl/pics/repair/APC%20XS-1300/index.html

I don't recall exactly what I did to disassemble the case, but the photos should help.  The basic idea is to remove the screws and locking tabs as shown by the red circles and red arrows.  I have two or three of these also in need of repair that I can take apart and make some better photos if anyone is interested.

 

The failure to charge the batteries was caused by a defective 22uf 400v electrolytic capacitor (C69) as shown at:

http://www.learnbydestroying.com/jeffl/pics/repair/APC%20XS-1300/index.html#XS-1300-03.jpg 

I didn't have an exact replacement capacitor handy, so the capacitor on the PCB is in a smaller package. 

 

In the past 8.5 years, I've repaired about 10 APC XS-1300 UPS's by replacing C69.  Unfortunately, the initial 3 UPS's came back with the same charging problem and the same bulging capacitor problem.  Apparently, my replacement capacitor was no better than the original failed capacitor.  I don't recall exactly what capacitor eventually worked, but I did recall it came from Panasonic.  I can dig out the details if anyone is interested.

 

The failure to charge problem is rather irritating because most of my customers assumed that the battery had died and purchased replacement batteries, which did the same thing and refused to charge.  Actually, both the original and the replacement batteries died rather rapidly because gel-cell and AGM batteries don't like to remain in the discharged state for very long.

 

I do not believe that the problem is caused by a defective capacitor.  Rather, I believe it might be a design problem where there is too much ripple current going through the capacitor causing it to get hot and shorten its useful life.  I haven't done anything to investigate this possibility so please consider this pure speculation.  If I had a schematic, I would probably make whatever changes are necessary to reduce the ripple current.  I'll spare you my rant about manufacturers who fail to supply repair information and replacement parts.

 

 

 

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2 Replies 2
BillP
Administrator Administrator
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Re: BR1300LCD How to disassemble the case?

This reply was originally posted by Chris on APC forums on 1/4/2013


This is of course something APC can't help you with, but anyone else with any ideas for Jeff?

JeffLiebermann_apc
Crewman
Crewman
0 Likes
0
153

Re: BR1300LCD How to disassemble the case?

Amazing.  8.5 years later and I finally see some interest in the problem.

 

I was eventually able to disassemble the case and fix the problem.  See photos at:
http://www.learnbydestroying.com/jeffl/pics/repair/APC%20XS-1300/index.html

I don't recall exactly what I did to disassemble the case, but the photos should help.  The basic idea is to remove the screws and locking tabs as shown by the red circles and red arrows.  I have two or three of these also in need of repair that I can take apart and make some better photos if anyone is interested.

 

The failure to charge the batteries was caused by a defective 22uf 400v electrolytic capacitor (C69) as shown at:

http://www.learnbydestroying.com/jeffl/pics/repair/APC%20XS-1300/index.html#XS-1300-03.jpg 

I didn't have an exact replacement capacitor handy, so the capacitor on the PCB is in a smaller package. 

 

In the past 8.5 years, I've repaired about 10 APC XS-1300 UPS's by replacing C69.  Unfortunately, the initial 3 UPS's came back with the same charging problem and the same bulging capacitor problem.  Apparently, my replacement capacitor was no better than the original failed capacitor.  I don't recall exactly what capacitor eventually worked, but I did recall it came from Panasonic.  I can dig out the details if anyone is interested.

 

The failure to charge problem is rather irritating because most of my customers assumed that the battery had died and purchased replacement batteries, which did the same thing and refused to charge.  Actually, both the original and the replacement batteries died rather rapidly because gel-cell and AGM batteries don't like to remain in the discharged state for very long.

 

I do not believe that the problem is caused by a defective capacitor.  Rather, I believe it might be a design problem where there is too much ripple current going through the capacitor causing it to get hot and shorten its useful life.  I haven't done anything to investigate this possibility so please consider this pure speculation.  If I had a schematic, I would probably make whatever changes are necessary to reduce the ripple current.  I'll spare you my rant about manufacturers who fail to supply repair information and replacement parts.

 

 

 

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